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jQuery Getters & Setter

In this tutorial you will learn how to get or set the element's content and attribute value as well as the from control value using jQuery.

jQuery Get or Set Contents and Values

Some jQuery methods can be used to either assign or read some value on a selection. A few of these methods are text(), html(), attr(), and val().

When these methods are called with no argument, it is referred to as a getters, because it gets (or reads) the value of the element. When these methods are called with a value as an argument, it's referred to as a setter because it sets (or assigns) that value.

jQuery text() Method

The jQuery text() method is either used to get the combined text contents of the selected elements, including their descendants, or set the text contents of the selected elements.

Get Contents with text() Method

The following example will show you how to get the text contents of paragraphs:

  • <script type="text/javascript">
  • $(document).ready(function(){
  •     // Get combined text contents of all paragraphs
  •     $(".btn-one").click(function(){
  •         var str = $("p").text();
  •         alert(str);
  •     });
  •     
  •     // Get text contents of the first paragraph
  •     $(".btn-two").click(function(){
  •        var str = $("p:first").text();
  •        alert(str);
  •     });
  • });
  • </script>

Note: The jQuery text() retrieves the values of all the selected elements (i.e. combined text), whereas the other getters such as html(), attr(), and val() returns the value only from the first element in the selection.

Set Contents with text() Method

The following example will show you how to set the text contents of a paragraph:

  • <script type="text/javascript">
  • $(document).ready(function(){
  •     // Set text contents of all paragraphs
  •     $(".btn-one").click(function(){
  •         $("p").text("This is demo text.");
  •     });
  •     
  •     // Set text contents of the first paragraph
  •     $(".btn-two").click(function(){
  •         $("p:first").text("This is another demo text.");
  •     });
  • });
  • </script>

Note: When the jQuery text(), html(), attr(), and val() methods are called with a value as an argument it sets that value to every matched element.


jQuery html() Method

The jQuery html() method is used to get or set the HTML contents of the elements.

Get HTML Contents with html() Method

The following example will show you how to get the HTML contents of the paragraph elements as well as a <div> element container:

  • <script type="text/javascript">
  • $(document).ready(function(){
  •     // Get HTML contents of first selected paragraph
  •     $(".btn-one").click(function(){
  •         var str = $("p").html();
  •         alert(str);
  •     });
  •     
  •     // Get HTML contents of an element with ID container
  •     $(".btn-two").click(function(){
  •         var str = $("#container").html();
  •         alert(str);
  •     });
  • });
  • </script>

Note: If multiple elements are selected, the html() method only returns the HTML contents of the first element from the set of matched elements.

Set HTML Contents with html() Method

The following example will show you how to set the HTML contents of the <body> element:

  • <script type="text/javascript">
  • $(document).ready(function(){
  •     // Set HTML contents for document's body
  •     $("button").click(function(){
  •         $("body").html("<p>Hello World!</p>");
  •     });
  • });
  • </script>

jQuery attr() Method

You can use the jQuery attr() method to either get the value of an element's attribute or set one or more attributes for the selected element.

Get Attribute Value with attr() Method

The following example will show you how get the href attribute of the hyperlink i.e. the <a> element as well as the alt attribute of an <img> element:

  • <script type="text/javascript">
  • $(document).ready(function(){
  •     // Get href attribute value of first selected hyperlink
  •     $(".btn-one").click(function(){
  •         var str = $("a").attr("href");
  •         alert(str);
  •     });
  •     
  •     // Get alt attribute value of an image with ID sky
  •     $(".btn-two").click(function(){
  •         var str = $("img#sky").attr("alt");
  •         alert(str);
  •     });
  • });
  • </script>

Note: If multiple elements are selected, the attr() method only returns the attribute value of the first element from the set of matched elements.

Set Attributes with attr() Method

The following example will show you how to set the checked attribute of the checkbox.

  • <script type="text/javascript">
  • $(document).ready(function(){
  •     // Check all the checkboxes
  •     $("button").click(function(){
  •         $('input[type="checkbox"]').attr("checked", "checked");
  •     });
  • });
  • </script>

The attr() method also allows you to set multiple attributes at a time. The following example will show you how to set the class and title attribute for the <img> elements.

  • <script type="text/javascript">
  • $(document).ready(function(){
  •     // Add a class and title attribute to all the images
  •     $("button").click(function(){
  •         $("img").attr({
  •             "class" : "frame",
  •             "title" : "Hot Air Balloons"
  •         });
  •     });
  • });
  • </script>

jQuery val() Method

The jQuery val() method is mainly used to get or set the current value of the HTML form elements such as <input>, <select> and <textarea>.

Get the Values of Form Fields with val() Method

The following example will show you how to get the values of form controls:

  • <script type="text/javascript">
  • $(document).ready(function(){
  •     // Get value of a text input with ID name
  •     $("button.get-name").click(function(){
  •         var name = $('input[type="text"]#name').val();
  •         alert(name);
  •     });
  •     
  •     // Get value of a textarea with ID comment
  •     $("button.get-comment").click(function(){
  •         var comment = $("textarea#comment").val();
  •         alert(comment);
  •     });
  •     
  •     // Get value of a select box with ID city
  •     $("button.get-city").click(function(){
  •         var city = $("select#city").val();
  •         alert(city);
  •     });
  • });
  • </script>

Note: If multiple form elements are selected, the val() method only returns the value of the first element from the set of matched elements.

Set the Values of Form Fields with val() Method

The following example will show you how to set the values of the form controls:

  • <script type="text/javascript">
  • $(document).ready(function(){
  •     // Set value of all the text inputs
  •     $("button").click(function(){
  •         var text = $(this).text();
  •         $('input[type="text"]').val(text);
  •     });
  • });
  • </script>

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