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How to check whether a variable is set or not in PHP

Topic: PHP / MySQLPrev|Next

Answer: Use the PHP isset() function

You can use the PHP isset() function to test whether a variable is set or not. The isset() will return FALSE if testing a variable that has been set to NULL.

Let's check out an example to understand how this function basically works:

<?php
$var1 = '';
if(isset($var1)){
    echo 'This line is printed, because the $var1 is set.';
}
echo "<br>";
 
$var2 = 'Hello World!';
if(isset($var2)){
    echo 'This line is printed, because the $var2 is set.';
}
echo "<br>";
 
// Unset the variable
unset($var2);
 
if(isset($var2)){
    echo 'This line is printed, because the $var2 is set.';
} else{
    echo 'This line is printed, because the $var2 is not set.';
}
echo "<br>";
 
$var3 = NULL;
if(isset($var3)){
    echo 'This line is printed, because the $var3 is set.';
} else{
    echo 'This line is printed, because the $var3 is not set.';
}
?>

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