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How to play and stop CSS animation using jQuery

Topic: JavaScript / jQueryPrev|Next

Answer: Use the jQuery css() method

You can use the jQuery css() method in combination with the CSS3 animation-play-state property to play and stop CSS animations in the middle of a cycle.

Let's take a look at the following example to understand how it basically works:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<title>jQuery Play and Stop CSS Animation</title>
<style>
.animated {
    height: 200px;
    margin: 10px 0;
    background: url("smiley.png") no-repeat left center #e4eacf;  
    -webkit-animation: test 4s infinite; /* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
    animation: test 4s infinite;
}
/* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
@-webkit-keyframes test {
    50% {background-position: right center;}
}
/* Standard syntax */
@keyframes test {
    50% {background-position: right center;}
}
</style>
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.5.1.min.js"></script>
<script>
    $(document).ready(function(){
        $(".play-animation").click(function(){
            $(".animated").css("animation-play-state", "running");
        });
        $(".stop-animation").click(function(){
            $(".animated").css("animation-play-state", "paused");
        });
    });
</script>
</head>
<body>
    <div class="animated"></div>
    <button type="button" class="play-animation">Play Animation</button>
    <button type="button" class="stop-animation">Stop Animation</button>
    <p><strong>Warning:</strong> CSS Animations do not work in Internet Explorer 9 and earlier versions.</p>
</body>
</html>

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