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CSS3 animation-delay Property

Topic: CSS3 Properties ReferencePrev|Next


The animation-delay CSS property defines when the animation will start (e.g. a value of 2s, indicates that the animation will begin 2 seconds after it is applied). The value of this property can be specified in seconds (s) or milliseconds (ms).

The following table summarizes the usages context and the version history of this property.

Default value: 0s
Applies to: All elements, ::before and ::after pseudo-elements
Inherited: No
Animatable: No. See animatable properties.
Version: New in CSS3


The syntax of the property is given with:

animation-delay time | initial | inherit

The example below shows the animation-delay property in action.

.box {
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background: red;
    position: relative;
    /* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
    -webkit-animation-name: moveit;
    -webkit-animation-duration: 4s;
    -webkit-animation-delay: 2s;
    /* Standard syntax */
    animation-name: moveit;
    animation-duration: 4s;
    animation-delay: 2s;
/* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
@-webkit-keyframes moveit {
    from {left: 0;}
    to {left: 50%;}
/* Standard syntax */
@keyframes moveit {
    from {left: 0;}
    to {left: 50%;}

Note: Negative values are allowed for this property. However, it will appear to have begun executing partway through its animation cycle e.g. the animation delay of -2s makes the animation start at once, but starts 2 seconds into the animation.

Property Values

The following table describes the values of this property.

Value Description
time Defines the number of seconds (s) or milliseconds (ms) to wait before the animation will start. The default value is 0s.
initial Sets this property to its default value.
inherit If specified, the associated element takes the computed value of its parent element animation-delay property.

Browser Compatibility

The animation-delay property is supported in all major modern browsers.

Browsers Icon

Basic Support—

  • Firefox 5+ -moz-, 15+
  • Google Chrome 4+ -webkit-
  • Internet Explorer 10+
  • Apple Safari 4+ -webkit-
  • Opera 12+ -o-, 15+ -webkit-

Further Reading

See tutorial on: CSS3 Animations.

Related properties and at-rules: animation, animation-name, animation-duration, animation-timing-function, animation-iteration-count, animation-direction, animation-fill-mode, animation-play-state, @keyframes.

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