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CSS3 perspective Property

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The perspective CSS property defines the perspective from which all child elements of the object are viewed. It is typically determines the distance between the Z = 0 plane and the viewer in order to give the feel of depth to the 3D-positioned element. Each 3D element with Z > 0 becomes larger, while each 3D-element with Z < 0 becomes smaller.

The following table summarizes the usages context and the version history of this property.

Default value: none
Applies to: Transformable elements
Inherited: No
Animatable: Yes. See animatable properties.
Version: New in CSS3


The syntax of the property is given with:

length | none | initial | inherit

The example below shows the perspective property in action.

.container {
    width: 125px;
    height: 125px;
    perspective: 500px;
    border: 4px solid #e5a043;
    background: #fff2dd;
.transformed {
    -webkit-transform: translate3d(25px, 25px, 50px); /* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
    transform: translate3d(25px, 25px, 50px); /* Standard syntax */

Property Values

The following table describes the values of this property.

Value Description
length A length value indicating the depth of the perspective. If it is 0 or negative, no perspective transform is applied.
none No perspective transform has to be applied. This is default value.
initial Sets this property to its default value.
inherit If specified, the associated element takes the computed value of its parent element perspective property.

Browser Compatibility

The perspective property is supported in all major modern browsers.

Browsers Icon

Basic Support—

  • Firefox 10+ -moz-, 16+
  • Google Chrome 12+ -webkit-, 36+
  • Internet Explorer 10+
  • Apple Safari 4.0.3+ -webkit-
  • Opera 15+ -webkit-, 23+

Further Reading

See tutorial on: CSS3 3D Transforms.

Related properties: perspective-origin, backface-visibility, transform, transform-origin, transform-style.

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