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CSS3 transform-style Property

Topic: CSS3 Properties ReferencePrev|Next


The transform-style CSS property specifies whether the children of the element are positioned in the 3D-space or are flattened in the plane of the element. If flattened, the child elements will not exist on their own in the 3D-space.

This property is only applied to child elements that have a transform property specified.

The following table summarizes the usages context and the version history of this property.

Default value: flat
Applies to: Transformable elements
Inherited: No
Animatable: No. See animatable properties.
Version: New in CSS3


The syntax of the property is given with:

flat | preserve-3d | initial | inherit

The example below shows the transform-style property in action.

img {
    /* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
    -webkit-transform: rotate(30deg);
    -webkit-transform-style: preserve-3d;
    /* Firefox */
    -moz-transform: rotate(30deg);
    -moz-transform-style: preserve-3d;
    /* IE 9 */
    -ms-transform: rotate(30deg);
    -ms-transform-style: preserve-3d;
    /* Standard syntax */
    transform: rotate(30deg);
    transform-style: preserve-3d;

Property Values

The following table describes the values of this property.

Value Description
flat The children of the element are flattened i.e. lying in the plane of the element itself. This is default value.
preserve-3d The children of the element should be positioned in the 3D-space.
initial Sets this property to its default value.
inherit If specified, the associated element takes the computed value of its parent element transform-style property.

Browser Compatibility

The transform-style property is supported in all major modern browsers.

Browsers Icon

Basic Support—

  • Firefox 10+ -moz-, 16+
  • Chrome 12+ -webkit-, 36+
  • Internet Explorer 11+
  • Apple Safari 4+ -webkit-
  • Opera 15+ -webkit-, 23+

Further Reading

See tutorial on: CSS3 2D Transforms, CSS3 3D Transforms

Related properties: backface-visibility, perspective, perspective-origin, transform, transform-origin.

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