Bootstrap Fixed Layout

In this tutorial you will learn how to create fixed layouts with Bootstrap.

Creating Fixed Layout with Bootstrap

With Bootstrap 4 you can still create web page layouts based on fixed number of pixels, however the container width vary depending on the viewport width and the layout is responsive too.

The process of creating the fixed yet responsive layout basically starts with the .container class. After that you can create rows with the .row class to wrap the horizontal groups of columns. Rows must be placed within a .container for proper alignment and padding.

Further columns can be created inside a row using predefined grid classes like .col-*, .col-sm-*, .col-md-*, .col-lg-* and .col-xl-* where * represent grid number and should be from 1 to 12. Please check out the Bootstrap grid system tutorial to learn more about grid classes.

Note: Actual content like text, images, videos, tables, etc. should be placed within columns, and only columns may be the immediate children of rows.

The following example creates a fixed width responsive layout that is 720px pixels wide on medium devices having screen width greater than or equal to 768px like tablets, whereas 960px wide on large devices having screen width greater than or equal to 992px like small laptops, and 1140px wide on extra large devices having screen width greater than or equal to 1200px like desktops.

However, if the device's viewport width is less than 768px but greater than or equal to 576px the layout will be 540px wide. For viewport width less than 576px the layout will cover 100% width. Also, columns will be stacked vertically navbar will be collapsed in both cases.

<!DOCTYPE html>
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<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
<title>Bootstrap 4 Fixed Layout Example</title>
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<script src=""></script>
<script src="js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
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— The output of the above example will look something like this:

We've used the margin utility classes such as .mb-3, .ml-auto, mx-2 etc. to adjust spacing between the elements. Whereas the classes .text-dark, .text-muted, .text-md-right are text utility classes to adjust color and alignment of text. You'll learn about them in later chapters.

Bootstrap UI Design Templates